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Six things to consider when investing for retirement

Many people aged between 50 and 65 are uncertain about being able to cover living expenses in retirement.

In the past retirees could rely on the age pension to secure their retirement. Many retirees are now less confident about this source of support.

A growing number of baby boomers are retiring and the number of working people to support them is not keeping pace.

Governments are now encouraging Australians to save and invest on their own. This way, they can build income streams for retirement to supplement social security payments.

The earlier people focus on how to fund their retirement, the greater their capacity to respond.

How to set retirement goals

The first factor in retirement planning is establishing a retiree’s goals.

Not everyone will have the financial resources to meet all their goals, so an adviser must help their client set priorities.

Retirement goals can be diverse, but most belong to one of three broad categories:

  1. Essential needs

A person’s immediate need in retirement is to have an income to deal with the essentials in life. Things like food, housing, transport and paying regular bills.

This represents the most important set of goals and requires the most pressing financial attention.

Confidence about the receipt of a steady cash flow becomes paramount. An adviser may recommend strategies centred on income-focused securities, that deliver sustainable cash flow which keeps up with increases in the cost of living.

  1. Lifestyle wants

Retirees may also want to set aside some capital to fund discretionary spending on goods and services. This includes holidays, hobbies, or the purchase of a new car.

Attainment of these lifestyle wants enables a more enjoyable retirement, but the retiree doesn’t regard them as essential to their wellbeing.

To help fund these lifestyle wants, investment strategies should grow capital steadily over time. They should also have a low probability of producing a major or protracted decline in value.

  1. Legacy aspirations

Finally, retirees with additional financial resources may aspire to leave a bequest for future generations.

 

Six things to look for when considering investment solutions

There are six key factors that advisors and investors should focus on when considering retirement investments.

A predictable and reliable stream of income:

Consider strategies that aim to deliver a steady income. This could be in the form of coupons from quality bonds, dividends from shares or distributions from Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) and infrastructure.

Resilient returns:

Focus on strategies that are designed to exhibit greater resilience in challenging market environments.

Inflation protection:

The overall portfolio should seek to grow with the cost of living to maintain purchasing power over time.

Tax effectiveness:

Most retirees have an income tax rate of zero per cent in retirement. However, franking credits attached to the sustainable dividends of quality Australian companies represent a good additional source of income. But, it is important to watch out for potential regulatory change in this area.

Liquidity:

It is easier to redeem money from liquid investments when a change in circumstances may require it.

Transparency of strategy:

Seek strategies that are easy to understand. The manager should offer regular communication and insight into how funds are performing against retirees’ goals.

 

Set up success

The key is to understand retirement goals:

Success and failure – What does each one look like?
What do retirees want at this point in life and how might that evolve over time?
Define what constitutes a ‘must have’?
What is ‘nice to have’ and what is ‘aspirational’?

By answering these important questions, various goals can be matched with investment strategies that meet the unique challenges and risks of retirement.

 

Source: AMP Capital